Eirin (映倫) is the abbreviated name for the Film Classification and Rating Organization (映画倫理機構 Eiga Rinri Kikō), the organization responsible for creating Japan's film rating system. The organization was established in June 1949 as the Motion Picture Code of Ethics Committee (映画倫規程理管理委員会 Eiga Rinri Kitei Kanri Iinkai).
Ratings[edit | edit source]
First system (1976-1998)[edit | edit source]
The ratings below have been used from 1976 to May 1, 1998.
- General Audiences (一般指定 Ippan Shitei): Patrons of all ages are admitted. Equivalent to the MPAA’s G, PG, and/or PG-13.
- Limited General Film (一般映画制限付 Ippan Eiga Seigen-tsuki): Patrons under 15 must be accompanied by a parent or guardian. The first Japanese film to use this rating was Ninkyo Gaiden: Genkai Nada (任侠外伝 玄界灘 Ninkyō Gaiden: Genkai Nada, released May 29, 1976) and the first non-Japanese film to use this rating was Snuff (released June 19, 1976). Equivalent the MPAA’s R.
- Adult Audiences (成人指定 Seijin Shitei): Only adults are admitted. Equivalent to the MPAA’s NC-17.
Second system (1998-present)[edit | edit source]
The ratings below have been in use since May 1, 1998.
- G: General, suitable for all ages. Equivalent to the MPAA’s G and/or PG.
- PG12 (PG-12): Parental guidance recommended for young people under 12 years. Equivalent to the MPAA‘s PG-13.
- R15+ (R-15): for persons aged 15 and above only (No one under 15 admitted). Equivalent to the MPAA’s R.
- R18+ (R-18): for persons aged 18 and above only (No one under 18 admitted). Equivalent to the MPAA’s NC-17.
Censorship[edit | edit source]
Eirin is bound by the current interpretation of Article 175 of the Criminal Code of Japan. While the law itself states that the distribution of "indecent" materials is forbidden, this has come to mean that any genitalia that appears in a film must not be clearly visible.
Website[edit | edit source]
- Official Eirin website (inaccessible outside of Japan)